Bibliography T-Z

Annotated Bibliography of Arctic Kayaks

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The web site at the bottom of the citation is a full-text original publication.

 

Kayak Bibliography David W. Zimmerly

 

 


T | Top

Taylor, J. Garth

1974 LABRADOR ESKIMO SETTLEMENTS OF THE EARLY CONTACT PERIOD.

Publications in Ethnology, No.9. Ottawa: Canadian Museum of Civilization.

Mentions size of kayaks, use by young boys, rafting of two or more and speed, pp.39-40.

1974 NETSILIK ESKIMO MATERIAL CULTURE:The Roald Amundsen Collection from

King William. Oslo: Universitetsforlaget.

Kayaks and paddles, pp.110-121.

Taylor, Kenneth I.

1961 THE CONSTRUCTION AND USE OF KAYAKS IN NORTH-WEST GREENLAND:

Preliminary Report. The Polar Record 10(68):494-500.

Describes kayak rolling, hunting by kayak and kayak construction in a general manner.

1962 A GREENLAND SUMMER. American White Water Spring:18-24.

Letter from Taylor to John Heath describing his summer field trip in Greenland with special

emphasis on kayaking.

1962 ESKIMO-ALEUT KAYAK TYPES. Unpublished ms. (64 typescript pages),

Archives, CANES, Canadian Museum of Civilization, Ottawa.

An econo-ecological study of kayak distribution and types. A thoughtful study written as a

paper in graduate school.

Taylor, Kenneth I. and William S. Laughlin

1963 SUB-ARCTIC KAYAK COMMITMENT AND "KAYAK FEAR" Paper presented at the

62nd Annual Meeting of the American Anthropological Association, San

Francisco. In Zimmerly kayak file, 15 pp.

After a review of the literature on this question of kayak angst, the authors hypothesize a

hereditary component to the disease.

Thalbitzer, William

1913 GRONLANDSKE SAGN OM ESKIMOERNES FOR TID. In Danish. Stockholm:

Cederquists Grafiska Aktiebolag.

Several photos of kayaks and umiaks, figs 1, 4, 5, 7 & 9.

1929 ESKIMO LEGENDS AND SONGS OF GREENLAND. (Original: Legendes et

Chants Esquimaux du Groenland. Ouvrage Traduit du Danois par Mme

Hollatz-Bretagne.Paris: Librairie Ernest Leroux). English translation of pp.9-42

(22 typescript pages), Library, Canadian Museum of Civilization, Ottawa.

Songs of the Kayak (Ammassalik) translation page numbers, 16-22.

Thornton, Harrison R.

1931 AMONG THE ESKIMOS OF WALES, ALASKA 1890-93. Edited and annotated by

Neda S. and William M. Thornton. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins Press.

Cape Prince of Wales - Chapter 36, Kayaks, pp.127-129. Photo of two kayaks opposite

p.128.

Trebitsch, Rudolf

1912 SKIN BOATS AND SKIN FLOATS AND THEIR GEOGRAPHICAL DISTRIBUTION

IN THE PAST AND IN THE PRESENT. (Original:Fellboote und Schwimmsacke

und ihre geographische Verbreitung in der Vergangenheit und Gegenwart.Archiv

fur Anthropologie 11:161-184). English translation of pp.180-84 (11 typescript

pages), Library, Canadian Museum of Civilization, Ottawa.

Definitions of kayak and umiak| distribution of skin boats in North America.

Turner, Christy G. and Jacqueline A. Turner

1974 PROGRESS REPORT ON EVOLUTIONARY ANTHROPOLOGICAL STUDY OF

AKUN STRAIT DISTRICT, EASTERN ALEUTIANS, ALASKA, 1970-71.

Anthropological Papers of the University of Alaska 16(1):27-57.

Mentions use of skin boats in 1925 and an informant, Willy Tcheripanoff, who could still

remember details of construction in 1970-71, p.35.

Turner, Lucien M.

1894 ETHNOLOGY OF THE UNGAVA DISTRICT. Eleventh Annual Report of the

Bureau of Ethnology, pp. 167-350. Washington: Government Printing Office.

Kayak, pp.237-240; umiak, pp.235-237.

(PFD - full text: Canadian Institute for Historical Microreproductions)

Tyrell, J.W.

1898 ACROSS THE SUB-ARCTICS OF CANADA. Facsimile edition published by

Coles Publishing Company, Toronto, 1973.London: T. Fisher Unwin.

Kayak related references on pp.104, 112, 118, 120, 141-142, 170.

(PFD - full text: Canadian Institute for Historical Microreproductions)

1975 ESKIMOS OF THE KAZAN. (1894). The Beaver. Outfit 305:4, pp.40-46.

Several photos of Caribou Eskimo in kayaks with some descriptions from Tyrell's notes.

U | Top

United States

1890 REPORT ON POPULATION AND RESOURCES OF ALASKA at the Eleventh

Census: 1890. Department of the Interior, Census Office.

Washington: Government Printing Office.

V | Top

Van de Velde, Father F., o.m.i.

1970 CANADIAN ESKIMO ARTIFACTS. Ottawa: Canadian Arctic Producers. No

pagination.

Four pages on the Netsilik kayak.

Vanstone, James W., editor

1973 V.S. KHROMCHENKO'S COASTAL EXPLORATIONS IN SOUTHWESTERN

ALASKA, 1822. Translated by David H. Kraus. Fieldiana: Anthropoogy, Volume

64. Chicago: Field Museum of Natural History.

Numerous references to kayaks and their use including kayak rolling on northern Norton

Sound near Golovnin Bay, pp.50, 54, 58, 61, 72, 84, 87.

1977 A.F. KASHEVAROV'S COASTAL EXPLORATIONS IN NORTHWEST ALASKA,

1838. Translated by David H. Kraus. Fieldiana: Anthropology, Volume 69.

Chicago: Field Museum of Natural History.

A few references to the types and uses of kayaks and skin boats in the area between

Cape Lisburne and near Point Barrow.

Vdovin, I.S.

1973 STUDIES IN THE ETHNIC HISTORY OF THE KORYAKS. (Original: Ocherki

Etnicheskoi Istorii Koryakov.Akademiya Nauk SSSR, Institut Etnografi.

Leningrad: Nauka Press). Umpublished English translation (13 typescript

pages), library, Canadian Museum of Civilization, Ottawa.

Pp.2-4, kayaks and umiak type boats described. Voznesenskii's description of a kayak is

quoted.

Veniaminov, Ivan Evsieevich Popov

1840 NOTES ON THE ISLANDS OF THE UNALASKA DISTRICT. St. Petersburg:

Russian-American Company.

This is the standard work on the Aleut by a Russian priest assigned to the Unalaska

district of the Aleutian Islands.It is an extremely comprehensive work and covers almost all

aspects of Aleut culture. Baidarki, pp.219-228.

Volkov, F.K. and S.I. Rudenko

1910 ETHNOGRAPHIC COLLECTIONS FROM THE FORMER RUSSIAN-AMERICAN

POSSESSIONS. (Original:Etnograficheskie Kollektsii iz Byvshikh

Rossiisko-Amerikanskikh Vladenii. In, Materialy po etnografii Rosii, Tom I. St.

Petersburg:Ethnographic Department, Emp. Alexander III Russian

Museum.Unpublished English translation (17 typescript pages), Library,

Canadian Museum of Civilization, Ottawa.

Descriptions and photos of four model baidarkas (Pacific Eskimo and Aleut) and paddles.

von Langsdorff, G.H.

1814 VOYAGES AND TRAVELS IN VARIOUS PARTS OF THE WORLD DURING THE

YEARS 1803, 1804, 1805, 1806 AND1807. In two volumes. London: Henry

Colburn.

Volume II: Aleut 30-51, Kodiak 52-80, Koryak 317-327. Aleut one-hole and Kodiak

three-hole frame drawings in vol. II of plates accompanying 1812 German edition.

W | Top

Wainwright, Ian N.M., J.H.A. Grant and T.G. Stone

1975 RADIOGRAPHY OF MACKENZIE DELTA KAYAK NMM IV-D-2039. Unpublished

memorandum, polaroid X-rays, B&W photos and diagrams showing positioning

of kayak for radiography. In Zimmerly kayak file.

Shows construction of end horns and keelson scarf joints.

Wallace, W.S., editor

1932 JOHN McLEAN'S SERVICE IN THE HUDSON'S BAY TERRITORY (1849).

Toronto: The Champlain Society.

The Caiak, or Canoe, pp.277-278.

Waugh, Frank W.

1919 CANADIAN ABORIGINAL CANOES. The Canadian Field-Naturalist 33(2):23-33.

Short popular article with drawings of canoes, kayaks and paddles.

Waxell, Sven

1952 THE AMERICAN EXPEDITION. Translated from Johan Skalberg's Danish

verison "Vitus Berings Eventrylige opdagerfaerd 1733-1743" by M. A. Michael.

London: William Hodge and Company, Limited.

Waxell's description of the meeting with the "Americans", (Aleut), pp. 113-119; kayak

description on p. 117; kayak drawing on foldout opposite p. 172.

Whitaker, Ian

1954 THE SCOTTISH KAYAKS AND THE "FINN-MEN". Antiquity (110):99-105.

Good review of the ""FINN-MEN" literature.

Wilkinson, Doug

1909 KAYAKS ON KOLUCTOO BAY. Field and Stream 58:30-33, 94-95. August.

Hunting narwhals by kayak off northern Baffin Island.

Wissler, Clark

1909 NOTES CONCERNING NEW COLLECTIONS. Anthropological Papers of the

American Museum of Natural History 2(3):307-364.

Drawings and text on kayaks from Greenland and Pond's Bay (Pond Inlet), pp.318-321.

Worster, W. and Knud Rasmussen

1921 ESKIMO FOLK-TALES. Copenhagen: Gyldendal.

Kayak stories including the story of the troll in a half kayak who upsets all he meets.

X | Top

Y | Top

Z | Top

Zimmerly, David W.

1975 FIELD NOTES ON KAYAKS. (IV-X-93M), kayak catalogue sheet and

                       kayak photo catalogue. Notes collected during field trip to Leningrad, Oct.

                      1975. 59 pp. Photocopy.

Besides a glossary, this also contains line drawings and full description of a Mackenzie

Delta kayak.

1976 AN ILLUSTRATED GLOSSARY OF KAYAK TERMINOLOGY. Canadian Museums

Association Gazette 9(2):27-37.

Besides a glossary, this also contains line drawings and full description of a Mackenzie

Delta kayak.  [PDF: full-text, photos & drawings 13 pages]

1976 KAYAKS: Their Design and Use. In Wooden Shipbuilding & Small Craft

Preservation. Pp. 71-74. Washington: The Preservation Press, National Trust

for Historic Press.

General discussion of kayaks and current research on them plus a table giving average

kayak measurements of length, beam and depth for all types.

1977 SOME TRADITIONAL AND MODERN ROLES OF THE KAYAK IN HOOPER BAY,

ALASKA. Paper presented at 3rd Annual Meeting of the Alaska Anthropological

Association, April 8, 9, 1977, Fairbanks, Alaska. 11 pp. (IV-E-16M).

Describes traditional kayak use in Yukon/Kuskokwin Delta area and the manufacture and

use of a kayak in Hooper Bay in 1976.

1977 THE ACQUISITION AND DOCUMENTATION OF AN ARTIFACT. Canadian

Museums Association Gazette 10(4):18-34.

Describes equipment and procedures used in acquiring and documenting a kayak in

Hooper Bay, Alaska. Includes drawings of lines and all parts of the kayak along with

photos detailing its construction and use.

[PDF: full-text 5 pages; Lines Drawings 4 pages]

1978 KAYAKS OF HOOPER BAY, ALASKA. In Contextual Studies of Material

Culture. David W. Zimmerly, ed., pp.27-44.Paper No.43, Canadian Ethnology

Service, Mercury Series. Ottawa: National Museum of Man

Compares Hooper Bay kayak style and use with that of the whole Yukon/Kuskokwim Delta

area and notes some reasons for the decline in kayak use in the area.

[PDF: full-text, photos & drawings 18 pages]

1978 SIBERIAN KAYAKS. The Ash Breeze. The Traditional Small Craft Association

Newsletter. The Ash Breeze 1(4):6-9.

Brief descriptions of Chukchi and Koryak kayaks with lines and construction drawings of

each type.

1979 HOOPER BAY KAYAK CONSTRUCTION. Paper No. 53, Canadian Ethnology

Service, Mercury Series. 118 pages. Ottawa: National Museum of Man

0316-1862.

Provides the construction details of a 4.6 m (15') Bering Sea-type kayak made in the Yupik

Eskimo-speaking community of Hooper Bay, Alaska in October and November of 1976.

Photographs, detail drawings and journal entries show the day to day work and progress

from the beginning splitting of stumps on 9 October to the final cockpit lashing on 8

November, thirty-one days later. Included is a section giving Yupik Eskimo terms for the

kayak parts and accessories and the tools and materials used. There are also instructions

for anyone wishing to make a working reproduction of this kayak including full-size

drawings of all major kayak parts in an end pocket.

1979 THE NATIVE SMALL CRAFT TRADITION. In Third Conference Proceedings of

the International Congress of Maritime Museums, 1978, pp.218-223. Mystic:

Mystic Seaport Museums, Inc. (IV-X-26)

A brief history of the collection, research and analysis of native North American small craft

(skin and reed boats, bark and dugout canoes).

1980 ARCTIC KAYAKS. Canadian Studies Report, pp.4. Ottawa: National Museum of

Man

A description of the kayak studies being carried out by the author along with some initial

results.

1982 STABILITY AND TRIM CHARACTERISTICS OF NATIVE WATERCRAFT: A

Computerized Simulation Study Paper presented at the 1982 CESCE Annual
Meetings, 7-11 May,
Vancouver, BC. Pp. 31. (IV-X-142M).

A computer program to simulate kayak performance characteristics from measurements.
[PDF: full-text ; table of Comparative Kayak Data from [Simulation Program Comparison   Mathematical Calculations Program - Calculations]

1982 THE COPPER ESKIMO. In Canada's Visual History, Vol. 57. 19 pages.

Includes 30 35mm slides. Ottawa: National Museum of Man/National Film

Board of Canada.

Short description of caribou hunting by kayak and two photos of Copper Eskimo kayaks.

1983 BUILDING THE ONE-HOLE ALEUT BIDARKA. Part I. Small Boat Journal

(29):26-31. Complete PDF for Parts I and II: here

Detailed instruction, lines drawings, construction drawings and photographs that describe

how to build this outstanding sea kayak.
[PDF: full-text, photos & drawings p. 1 (26), p. 2 (27), p. 3 (28), p. 4 (29), p. 5 (30), p. 6 (31)]

1983 BUILDING THE ONE-HOLE ALEUT BIDARKA. Part II. Small Boat Journal

(30):78-83. Complete PDF for Parts I and II: here

Detailed instruction, lines drawings, construction drawings and photographs that describe

how to build this outstanding sea kayak.

[PDF: full-text, photos & drawings p. 1 (78) , p. 2 (79), p. 3 (80), p. 4 (81), p. 5 (82), p. 6 (83)]

1983 FORM FOLLOWED FUNCTION -- And The Function Was Hunting. In Skin, Sticks

& Bone. By Rick Kemmer. Canoe 11(1):78.

Describes four solutions to the problem of designing a seaworthy sea-mammal-hunting

kayak-- from Greenland, Baffin Island, the Bering Sea & Strait and Siberia and the

Aleutians.

[PDF: full-text & photos p. 1 (78)]

1983 THE CANOE RIDES HIGH IN THE WATER. Review of The Canoe: A History of

the Craft from Panama to the Arctic by Kenneth G. Roberts and Philip

Shackleton, MacMillan, 1983. September. Quill & Quire 49(9):71.

Discusses the chapter on skin boats which includes kayaks and umiaks from Siberia to

Greenland.

1984 Review of THE CANOE: A History of the Craft from Panama to the Arctic by

Kenneth G. Roberts and Philip Shackleton, MacMillan, 1983. September.

Canoe 12(1):18.

Discusses the chapter on skin boats which includes kayaks and umiaks from Siberia to

Greenland.

1984 ANATOMY OF A BAIDARKA. Spring. Sea Kayaker 1(1):10-11.

Short text accompanies lines drawings and construction details of a 19' 9" Aleut 1-hole

kayak collected in 1845 by I.G. Voznesenskii for the Museum of Anthropology and

Ethnography in St. Petersberg.

1984 ARCTIC PADDLE DESIGN. Winter. Sea Kayaker 1(3):8-15.

Paddles types and distribution, specialized paddles, Aleut paddles, Pacific Eskimo paddles,

Bering Sea paddles, Bering Strait paddles, North Alaska paddles, Mackenzie Eskimo

paddles, Caribou, Netsilik and Iglulik Eskimo paddles, East Arctic paddles, Greenland

paddles, and paddle construction.
[PDF: full-text, photos & drawings p. 1 (8), p. 2 (9) p. 3 (10), p. 4 (11), p. 5 (12), p. 6 (13), p. 7 (14), p. 8 (15) ]

1984 THE HOOPER BAY KAYAK. May/June. Wooden Boat (58):74-79.

Historical background of kayak use in Hooper Bay situated on the Bering Sea in Alaska

(Also describes the building of a kayak frame by Dick Bunyan). Illustrated with lines

drawings and photographs.
[PDF: full-text, photos & drawings p. 1 (74), p. 2 (75), p. 3 (76), p. 4 (77), p. 5 (78), p. 6 (79)]

1984 THE KOTZEBUE SOUND KAYAK. Summer-Fall. Sea Kayaker 1(2):10-12.

Complete lines and construction drawings.

1985 THE 3-HOLE KODIAK KAYAK. Spring. Sea Kayaker 1(4):10-13.

Complete lines and construction drawings. A rule of thumb.

1985 THE BELCHER ISLANDS TWO-HOLE KAYAK. Spring. Sea Kayaker 2(4): 12, 13.

A two-hole kayak from 1942. Kayak construction, accessories and use.
[PDF: full-text, photos & drawings 2 pages]

1985 THE COPPER ESKIMO KAYAK: Product of a Nomadic Lifestyle. Sea Kayaker

2(1):10-13.

Complete lines and construction drawings. Kayak construction, accessories, and use.
[PDF: full-text, photos & drawings 4 pages]

1985 THE EAST HUDSON BAY KAYAK: A Variant from Povungnituk. Sea Kayaker

2(2):7-9.

A kayak made for the Ontario Science Centre. A photo essay. [PDF: full-text, photos & drawings p. 7, p. 8, p. 9]

1985 THE MACKENZIE ESKIMO KAYAK. Sea Kayaker 2(3):6-11.

Mackenzie kayak prehistory, kayak construction, kayak accessories, kayak use, and use

as a recreational kayak.  [PDF: full text, photos & drawings - p.6, p.7, p.8, p.9, p.10, p.11]

1986 QAJAQ: Kayaks of Siberia and Alaska. Juneau, Alaska: Division of State

Museums. E98.B6Z55 1986.

93 p.; illustrated; bibliography, p. 85-88; includes index. All major styles of Alaskan and Siberian kayaks are represented with models, lines drawings, historic photographs or actual full-sized kayaks and associated equipment.

2000 QAYAQ: Kayaks of Alaska and Siberia. Fairbanks, Alaska: University of Alaska
Press. Second edition. ISBN: 1-889963-10-0. E99.E7 Z56-2000.

103 p.; illustrated; bibliography, p. 91-95; includes index. All major styles of Alaskan and Siberian kayaks are represented with models, lines drawings, historic photographs or actual full-sized kayaks and associated equipment. This book includes Mackenzie Eskimo kayaks.
[Order QAYAQ: Kayaks of Alaska and Siberia]

2000 HOOPER BAY KAYAK CONSTRUCTION. 107 pages, 84 figures, 89 photographs,
1 map, 3 appendices.
ISBN 0-660-17511-8. Ottawa: Canadian Museum of
Civilization (
National Museum of Man). (Reprinted from partial edition of 1979)

This book documents the construction of a Bering Sea style-kayak made in the community of Hooper Bay, Alaska in October and November 1976 under the direction of Dick Bunyan. Written as journal entries, the text details construction from the initial splitting of the wood to the final fitting of the cockpit lashings. Each step is illustrated with black-and-white photographs and line drawings. The author has also included detailed measurements of the kayak, a glossary of Yupik terms, and descriptions and drawings of kayak accessories.

[Order Hooper Bay Kayak Construction]

2001 THE EAST ARCTIC KAYAK.  Sea Kayaker 18-4:6-19.   

A 22' kayak from Ivuyivik.. Kayak construction, accessories and use.  [PDF: full-text, photos & drawings complete article (4.3 mb).  Individual pages:
p. 6 - The East Arctic Kayak- 504 kb
p. 7 - Gunwales- 255 kb
p. 8 - Temporary Spreaders - 243 kb
p. 9 - Deck Beams- 216 kb
p. 10 - Lashing the Gunwale & Deck Beams- 539 kb
p. 11 - Preparing the Deck Stringers - 272 kb
p. 12 - Ribs & Keelson - 267 kb
p. 13 - Bilge Stringer - 260 kb
p. 14 - Side Stringers & Cockpit - 267 kb
p. 15 - Covering the Kayak - 254 kb
p. 16 - Sewing the Canvas - 254 kb
p. 17 - Shrinking & Painting the Canvas - 254 kb
p. 18 - Accessories & Paddle - 259 kb
p. 19 - Marking & Cutting the Mortises - 289 kb

 

Zorgdrager, C.G.

1728 FLOURISHING RISE OF THE OLD AND PRESENT GREENLAND FISHERY.

(Original: Bloeijende Opkomst Der Aloude en Hedendaagfche Groenlandsche

Visschery.Amsterdam). Unpublished English translation (17 typescript pages),

Library, Canadian Museum of Civilization, Ottawa.

Description of kayak, p. 9 and umiak, p. 8.

No. of publications: 244 End of Kayak Bibliography

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